Британские острова расположены в северо-западной части Европы. Группу Британских островов составляют два большие острова: Великобритания и Ирландия и много небольших островов. Великобритания – наибольший остров в Европе, который состоит из Англии, Шотландии и Уэльса, исторических областей Великобритании. Англия расположена в южной и центральной части Великобритании. Шотландия находится на севера острова, а Уэльс – на западе. Великобритания омываться Атлантическим океаном и Ирландским морем на западе, а на юге – Ла-Маншем.


Ирландия находится в северо-восточной части Ирландии.

Англия, Шотландия, Уэльс и Северная Ирландия образовывают Соединенное Королевство.

Поверхность Англии и Северной Ирландии равнинная, а Шотландии гористая. Высочайшая гора Великобритании – Бен Невис – находится в Шотландии. Наиболее длинная река – Северн – в юго-западной части Англии. Столица Великобритании – Лондон – стоит на реке Темза, которая такая же длинная, как Северн. Она очень красивая. Ирландское море глубоко врезается в сушу. Это в значительной мере влияет на климат, который здесь влажный и мягкий: зима не очень холодная,

а лето не очень жаркое.

The full name of the country is the “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 sq. km.

The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island, of Ireland. It borders on the Irish Republic in the south.

The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle part of the island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the West) and Scotland (the northern part of the island).

There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the Cheviots separate England from Scotland, the Pennines stretch down North England almost along its middle, the Cambrian mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the Highlands of Scotland, are the tallest of the British mountains. There is very little flat country except in the region known as East Anglia.

Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the deepest and the longest of the British rivers. Some of the British greatest ports are situated in the estuaries of the Thames, Mersey, Tyme, Clyde and Bristol Avon.

Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources, it has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.

The warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Great Britain. Winters are not severely cold and summers are rarely hot.

An international exhibition took place in London. An international exhibition is taking place in Kyiv now. 3. An international exhibition will take place in Dni propetrovsk in March. When will the international exhibition take place in Manchester? The international exhibition, which took place in Cherkasy, was very interesting. The international sports competitions in wrestling took place in Donetsk. You liked the international exhibition which took place in. our city recently, didn’t you?

Текст “The Geographical Position of Great Britain”.

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