Першим національним героєм козацько-польської війни був Максим Кривоніс. Він був визначним лідером козацької армії Б. Хмельницького. На жаль, мало що відомо про його дитинство. Він був селянином з Вільшани – селища поблизу Черкас – або звідкілясь на Житомирщині. Будучи запорізьким козаком, він брав участь у війнах проти кримських татар і турків. Кривоніс одним із перших приєднався до війська Хмельницького. Він брав участь у багатьох баталіях, наприклад, у битві під Львовом, коли козаки під його проводом узяли Високий Замок (львівську фортецю).
The first hero of Cossak-Polish war was Maksym Kryvonis. He was a prominent Cossak military leader in Khmelnitsky’s army. Little is known about his early years. He was either a peasant from Vilshana near Cherkasy or from one village near Zhitomyr. As a Zaporozhia Cossak he took part in Cossack campaign against the Crimean Tatars and Turkey. Kryvonis was one of the first to At the beginning of the 15th century the peasants of Eastern Galitsia, Volinia, Kiyivshchina, and Podillia began to run away from their landowners. They went to the endless Ukrainian steppes. In this way they saved themselves from the feudal yoke. In the steppes they made the new villages and began to call themselves “cossacks” which meant “free peoples”. Cossacks lived in the south of Kremenchuk and Vinnitsa. They used the river Dniepro as the convenient water way to Kiyiv. In Kiyiv they sold fish, furs, honey, and other products. In the middle of the 16th century on the Dniepro Island of Tomakivka near the modern town of Marganets, Zaporizhskaya Sich was founded. For 200 years it was the centre of public life of Ukrainian Cossacks.
Ivan Sirko was a Cossack chieftain. He was born in Kharkiv. People loved him. The Tatar towns of Ochakiv, Islam-kermen and Perekop amongst others were seized by him. He was an educated person. He received his education at Padun University in Italy. At that time (18th century) Ukraine was one of the most developed and democratic states in Europe. From 1648 to 1654 most of the Ukrainian lands were brought under the rule of Moscovia (later Russia). Galitsia and Volinia were taken by Poland, Bukovina by Moldova, and Transcarpathia by Hungary. After the Ukrainian people had been under the control of foreign states for some time, they began to fight against their oppressors. They ran away to the Carpathian Mountains and forests and made small detachments of so-called “oprishki”. Oprishki robbed the rich and shared what they had stolen. They lived in caves, mountains and forests. Oprishki were found in the town of Rogatin, Striy, Sokolov, Zhurov, Rozhniatin, Mikulichin, and Dovgopillya. Armed with topirtsi, knives and axes they killed rich men in Kosov, Kolomia, Pechenizhin. Their leaders were Olexa Dov-bush, Sabat and Dranko.
The national hero, Ustym Karmaliuk, lived in Podillya. There are a lot of songs and legends about Karmaliuk. Join Bogdan Khmelnitsky. He took part in many different battles of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, for example, near Lviv, when Cossaks under his command stormed the Vysoky Zamok Castle in Lviv on October 5, 1648.
Military військовий stormed штурмував houseland militia міліція
Твір роздум на тему чого неможна купити за гроші.
Мій улюблений національний герой