Такие виды спорта как плавание, бег, конный спорт, борьба и другие берут начало с древних времен в Украине. Система военного и физического обучения казаков в Запорожье основывалась на национальных играх и физических упражнениях. Первые спортивные организации появились во второй половине XIX века.
Они были немногочисленными, среди них были аристократические яхт-клубы и теннисные клубы. Первые из них открылись в Киеве в 1869 и в Одессе в 1895 годах. В начале XX столетия появились первые гимнастические клубы. Первый из них был основан как часть медицинского
Перевод на английский:
Such kinds of sports as swimming, running, equestrian sport, wrestling and others date back to ancient times in Ukraine. The system of military and physical training of Cossacks in Zaporizhya was built on the basis of national games and physical exercises. First sports organizations were founded in the second half of the 19th century. They were not numerous, among them there were aristocratic yachting clubs and also some tennis clubs. The first of them opened in Kyiv in 1869 and in Odessa in 1895. At the beginning of the 20th century the first athletic clubs appeared. The first one was founded as a part of a medical centre. In 1900 196 clubs that included nearly 8,000 people existed on the territory of Ukraine. In 1912 the first 2 months’ courses on the training of specialists in physical training were organized in Kyiv. The first sports stadiums and centres were built in 1913 after the Olympiad. Some sports magazines: “Sport”, “Beauty and Strength”, and others appeared in the same year. Nowadays specialists in physical training are trained by Kyiv Institute of Physical Training, in Lviv, Dnipropetrivsk and by 14 high physical training schools. The largest stadiums are Kyiv stadium for 100,000 spectators and Kyiv Palace of Sports for 12,000 spectators. Ukrainian voluntary sports organizations develop different sports programs, work among young people and children. They have their own conference once in four years. Each organization has its own banner and symbol. There are also some international sports clubs like “Spartak” or “Progress” in Lviv, Chemivtsi and other cities. The most popular kinds of sports in Ukraine are football, volleyball, athletics, shooting and chess. There aге also special “sports uniforms” at schools, and some specialized sports schools in Ukraine. They unite young sportsmen according to their specialization. Sports is paid much attention to in this country, as Ukrainian people were always fond of it.
Твір до образу анни кареніної.
Физическая культура и спорт в Украине – Physical Training and Sports in Ukraine